interesting facts about mars

It is a shield volcano built by the continuous action of flowing lava over millions and millions of years that began some 3 billion years ago. 1960 – the first spacecraft on mission to Mars was launched. It is more than 21 km high (about three times taller than the Mt. 2. We’ve visited the Moon, and the next destination is the red planet. The main idea of our solar system was proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) and he also proposed that the Sun is at the center of the universe while the planets revolved around it in circular orbits. 1. The average temperature on Mars stays around minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit – that’s below freezing point. The Valles Marineris is an extensive canyon system on the Mars equator. Second Smallest Planet of the Solar System 28. Mars has around 1% of atmospheric pressure that normally found at sea level on Earth. However, the mission failed. Temperature of mars Surface: -153 to 20 C. Orbit Distance of Mars : 227,943,834 km ( 1.52 AU) Orbite Period of Mars: 687 days (1.9 years) Moons Of Mars : 2 (Deimos & Phobos). Interesting facts about Mars have fascinated astronomers ever since they began to peer more closely at the red planet. Everest) and more than 600 km in diameter. Mars has the largest dust storms in the Solar System, reaching speeds of over 100 miles per hour (160 kilometers per hour). Also read: facts about Jupiter. 10 Interesting Facts about Mars. 20. It’s about half the size of Earth with a diameter of 6,791 kilometers. The presence of a thin atmosphere in Mars doesn’t allow water to exist in a liquid state but water is … Here are 7 interesting facts about Mars Mars, also known as the Red Planet, is an Earth-like planet. © 2020 TheFactFile.Org. It is approximately 227,900,000 kilometres from the star. They are named: Phobos and Deimos. 56. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth.). 9. Save 52% when you subscribe to BBC Science Focus Magazine. Join us on a journey to the fourth planet from the Sun with amazing facts, incredible images and vital information about Mars. 8. If a body weighs on the earth is 100 kg, then its weigh on Mars will be only 38 kg. The minimum distance between Mars and Earth keeps on changing because they do not have perfectly circular orbits. It’s Northern cap is called – Planum Boreum, and Southern cap is called – Planum Australe. Share It..... 16,490 total views, 2 views today. Mars is 141,633,260 miles from the Sun. The name of the month of March also derives from Mars. That set the stage for the formation of the Valles Marineris. Even though Mars has only 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass, around two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. 2) Mars is also known as the ‘Red Planet’ because, well, it’s red! There is lot to know about The Red Planet but in … All these correspond to a gravity acceleration 3.72m/s 2 (9.81 ~ m/s 2 on Earth). Facts About Mars 1. On the other hand, Venus has the most circular orbit of any planet in the solar system. 4. “Olympus Mons — the tallest mountain in the solar system — is on Mars.”. 8. In The Early Space Age, We Thought Mars Was Like The Moon: 3) Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system after Mercury. 12. Did you know that a Martian day lasts only up to 40 minutes more than a normal Earth day. (An AU is an astronomical unit. (An AU is an astronomical unit. By knowledgemasti in Our Planet, Science & Technology on June 4, 2020. Mars used to have a thicker atmosphere. Mars is the second closest planet to Earth after Venus. Evidence of Water. Mars is also referred to as the “Red Planet” because it has high content of iron oxide which makes it appear reddish. 14. Currently, two rovers from NASA named, Opportunity and Curiosity, are exploring the surface of Mars. The first photograph of Mars taken from its surface was taken by Viking 1 on July 20 1976. Since this means that a 100-pound person on Earth would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars and will jump 3 … 31. â€œPerihelion” is the term for the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid or comet at which it is closest to the Sun. We know that the size of Mars is nearly half the size of the earth. 22. If the ice on its south pole melts, the resulting water will be sufficient to cover the planet’s entire surface to a depth of 11 meters. The mission was launched on November 5th, 2013. This magnificent planet has been major candidate for the science fiction movies for many decades. Indeed, even normal residue storms on Mars are extraordinary, going on for quite a long time at any given moment and covering mainland measured regions. interesting facts about mars planet atmosphere 2.Largest dust storm Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. Martian surface gravity is only 37% of the Earth’s (meaning you could leap nearly three times higher on Mars). 10. And the signs of water on the planet has supported the belief that human life can exist on this red planet. 11. â€œOpposition” is a situation when a planet and the Sun are on directly opposite sides of earth. There are a number of advantages of using Mars Rover. When this happens, the communication between spacecraft on Mars, and the Earth drastically reduces. Mars is a new frontier for humanity. Mars is the nearest planet to the Earth after Venus. Mars gets its name from the Roman god of war of the same name. Mars is a very cold planet. Hence, Tuesday is the day of Mars. 26. 4. Due to its immense mass, Jupiter brings some change in Mars’ orbit. When it arrives on Planet Mars, it has the ability to propel itself. It has the essential systems that characterize our Earth. Viking 1 and Viking 2 are the two spacecraft that were sent by NASA in 1975 on Mars with the objective to study its surface and to gather important information about its composition and structure. MARS; Average Distance from Sun: 93 million miles: 142 million miles: Average Speed in Orbiting Sun: 18.5 miles per second: 14.5 miles per second: Diameter: 7,926 miles: 4,220 miles: Tilt of Axis: 23.5 degrees: 25 degrees: Length of Year: 365.25 Days: 687 Earth Days: Length of Day: 23 hours 56 minutes: 24 hours 37 minutes: Gravity: 2.66 times that of Mars: 0.375 that of Earth: Temperature Mars is sometimes known as The Red Planet because of presence of rust in the martian soil. Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system with an equatorial and polar diameter of 6,700 kilometres. Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos. Density: If we compare the density of Mars with that of the Earth’s, we would find that it is 100 times less dense than Earth. Mars is at a distance of more than 142 million miles from the Sun. 7. 23. 6. 15. Have you ever been to Mars and wondered why it is such a difficult question to answer? Mars has a volume of 1.6318 x 10¹¹ km³ (163 billion cubic kilometers) which is the equivalent of 0.151 Earths. 55 interesting facts about Mars. In 2004, NASA’s rovers found the evidence of water on the planet. Due to the reddish appearance of the mars, you can able to see the planet with the naked eye. Named after the Roman god of war, Mars is also often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance. Many Hollywood films have been produced with Mars as their subject including Flight to Mars – 1951, The Angry Red Planet – 1959 and the famous John Carter – 2012. The surface of Mars is covered with rock and red dust made from iron. Note that 60 miles per hour is the top speed of the winds blowing in some of the strongest Martian storms. Mars has 37.5% of the gravity that Earth has. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth. Mars can be spotted with the naked eye during the night time from the surface of earth, thanks to its reddish appearance. ), 32. â€œAphelion” is the term for the point in the orbit of a planet, asteroid or comet at which it is furthest from the Sun. Mars: Oodles of interesting facts, figures and fun questions about the Red Planet. Presence of water on Mars could be a potential signal of survival of living things in the past or in the present on the planet. It is located between Earth and the Asteroid Belt. Interesting Facts About Mars; Planet Mars has all four seasons like that of Earth as its axis tilted faraway from the Sun. Mars is a very cold planet. You can fit more than six of the red planet in the Earth. Our Solar system is vast and consists of many planets, moons, comets, asteroids, minor planets; and dust and gas. Because of the red color of the planet, Mars is also associated with aggression. The surface gravity on Mars is only about 38% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars. See the full list here. Mars Possesses Varied Names As Accorded To It By Different Cultures. ; A year lasts 687 days, almost twice as long as a year on Earth. 2. Facts about Mars. Facts about Mars include this particularly interesting one. Interesting Facts About Mars. It’s iron oxide that makes Mars red, and this tells us that Mars is similar to Earth, where iron also rusts when it’s left exposed to … Facts About Mars. Mars has a radius of 3390 km, it has a mass of 6.42×10 24 kg (10.7% of Earth’s mass), and a mean density of 3.94 g/cm3. Read on to discover the most interesting facts about Mars, including current plans to transform this inimical planet into the next Earth. 29. Facts about Mars Rover impress us with the details about automated motor vehicles. 1 It's on Mars. 25. Olympus Mons is part of a complex of volcanoes that lie along a volcanic plateau called the Tharsis Bulge. 25. Interesting Facts about Mars. Instead, they have elliptical orbits. Modern technologies make the exploration of Mars possible. The names given to Mars revolved around its physical appearance. This entire region lies over a hotspot, a place in the planet’s crust that allows magma from deep inside to flow out to the surface. Mars’ magnetic field turned off four billion years ago. We set out to answer some of those questions and dug up some absolutely crazy facts about Curiosity and its mission to Mars. On 13 February 2019, NASA officially lost contact with its Mars rover “Opportunity”. Position and Size in Solar System. 17. This signature colour comes from the large amount of a chemical called iron oxide (or ‘rust’ as you might know it) in its rocks and soil. Polar Diameter of Mars: 6,752 km Equatorial Diameter of Mars : 6,792 km Mass of Mars : 6.42 x 10^23 kg (10.7% Earth) 21 Interesting facts about Mars Did you know that the ancient Babylonians first created the week and divided it into seven days? Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere composed primarily of carbon dioxide. The composition of the core of Mars is not yet known to scientists and the exploration work is going on. Mars gets its red colour from the iron oxide dust on its surface. And when we say largest, you need to note that they are a lot larger than their largest counterparts on the Earth. There is a tilt of a few degrees between the orbits of the two neighboring planets. The maximum pressure of Mar’s core is expected to be 400,000 times the pressure of Earth’s atmosphere at sea level. On Earth, it would span the entire North American continent and beyond. During the weather winter months, the vehicles have the ability to find the sunny position. Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system – Olympus Mons. 24. Amazing Facts about Mars 1. These moons are thought to be captured asteroids and are among the smallest natural satellites in the solar system. They were discovered in 1877 by astronomer Asaph Hall, who named them for the Latin terms “fear” and “panic”. Facts about Mars. January 11, 2020 January 11, 2020 - by InterestingFacts.org - Leave a Comment. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Galileo Galilei was the first person observed the mars through a telescope back in the year 1609. Interesting Mars Fact List: Mars is home to Olympus Mons, which is the largest volcano in our solar system, standing 21km high and 600km wide across the base. And it is the fourth planet from the sun (Order of the planets from the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto (the dwarf planet)). Also, learn the fact that the 2003 Opposition was the closest approach in almost 60,000 years! By doing so, India became the first country in the world to set a spacecraft into Mars’ orbit in its first attempt. One of the interesting facts is that month March is derived from the planet Mars. Facts About Mars -The sunsets on the mars look like the blue in color. 9. Solar Conjunction is the term used to describe the coming of Sun between the Earth and Mars. 19. The diameter of Mars is 6.779 km or 4.212 mi, slightly more than half the size of Earth. It measures some 600 kilometres across and rises nearly 27 kilometres above the surrounding terrain. MARS,what would happen when we heard this word:of course the thought of red and glorious planet in our solar system come to our mind. Facts about Mars for Kids: There have been 40 missions to Mars, but only 18 of the missions were successful. Even so, SpaceX plans to send the first human to Mars by 2025, which is only five years from now! The evidence of water in Mars means that the planet has the possibility of sustaining, not only, chemical reactions but even life too. Mars is famous for its very thin atmosphere with 95% carbon dioxide, 1.6% argon, 0.15% oxygen. Mars has a radius of 3.389 km or 2.105 mi being twice as small as Earth. Mars has has a very primitive form of plate tectonics, and the action of two plates past each other began splitting the surface some 3.5 billion years ago. Mars has low atmospheric pressure on its surface which is the reason why liquid water cannot exist on its surface for long. The rock pieces orbited the solar system for millions of years and finally crash landed on the Earth. Mars is at a distance of 206,655,215 kilometers or 1.381 AU when it is closest to the Sun. Mars has areas ranging from volcanoes to valleys and deserts to polar ice caps. Mars has sufficient ice on its polar regions, which can be seen clearly in the image below. Speaking volume wise, about 6 Mars planets would be able to sum up the same volume as that of the Earth! It is not certain as of now if the planet’s core is solid, liquid or is built of two different layers. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and is the second smallest planet in the solar system. Due to the presence of red dust on the planet, which is mainly its iron content; mars sometime sees dust storms when the wind blows. An atmosphere of mass is very similar to Venus and also one of the least hospitable in our solar system. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in our solar system and second smallest planet after Mercury. To the ancient romans the planet Mars was symbolic of blood and war but too many people today this planet is future for humanity.Maybe it is next milestone for humanity not only live on mars but also explore the technological advancement to explore the universe. Mars is at a distance of more than 142 million miles from the Sun. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. The gravity of Mars is 3.711 m/s², but the earth is 9.807 m/s². Did you know that the giant Jupiter has the ability to influence the orbit of Mars? 26. Wondering how fast winds in these storms move? Mars takes twice the time Earth takes to complete a full revolution around the sun. 13. But the planet has been documented for over 4,000 years, which makes crediting its discovery to one person difficult. The apparent size and brightness of the planet varies depending on the proximity of the planet to the Earth. The orbit of Mars and Earth are also not in the same plane. In Mars opposition, Mars and the Sun are on directly opposite sides of the Earth. The first interaction with Mars: Mariner 4, in 1965 was the first aircraft that flew by Mars. Explorations of the planet are ongoing to find out whether it can support human life as the Earth does. Mars was visible in the night sky long before telescopes were invented. Mars has huge volcanoes and craters. Mars is being explored for over four decades now because it is considered as a favorable place for human existence. Sources: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/ , https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives First Published: June 2012Last Updated: May 2020Author: Chris Jones, https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/, https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives, The Ultimate List of TV Shows set in Space or on Other Planets, The Planets and Moons of Star Wars to Scale. Due to less mass, Mars’s gravity is also less than the gravity of the earth. Mars is at a distance of 249,232,432 kilometers or 1.666 AU when it is furthest from the Sun. All Rights Reserved. Scientists have had the chance to study the pieces of rocks from Mars that landed on Earth. 16. 27. For water to flow in the past, the Red Planet needs more atmosphere. These dust storms can be humongous and can cover the planet’s entire surface. The average temperature on Mars stays around minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit – that’s below freezing point. Mars facts interesting facts about mars Profile Of mars Planet . 33. “Mars takes 687 Earth days to complete one revolution around the Sun.”. The tallest mountain in the Solar System – Olympus Mons – is on Mars. 18. The planet is 227,939,200 km away from the Sun, and one year on Mars is equal to 687 days. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) also set their orbiter for Mars safely on 24th September 2014. Interesting Facts About Mars March 16, 2009 - by InterestingFacts.org - 20 Comments. 5. Mars has only two moons as compared to Uranus’ twenty-seven. Mars and Earth have approximately the same landmass. It took the spacecraft a whopping 228 days to reach the planet. Specifically, Mars has about 95% carbon dioxide, 3% nitrogen, 1.6% argon and a few other elements in its atmosphere. It is 4,200 kilometres long and, in places, is 7 kilometres deep. These moons are small and are irregularly shaped. Moreover, due to less atmospheric pressure on Mars than Earth, things get blown but the intensity is not that much as on earth with the same wind speed. The fourth planet from the Sun was first observed through a telescope by Galileo in 1610 (1). The matter of time. (Launch dates: August 20, 1975 (Viking 1); September 9, 1975 (Viking 2)). Viking 1 on July 20 1976 captured asteroids and are among the smallest satellites... Martian soil Opportunity and Curiosity, are exploring the surface of Mars and wondered why it is a... Terms, 1 AU is the only other planet that has polar ice caps when arrives... A spacecraft into Mars ’ s red the term used to describe the coming years able to see planet... Launched on November 5th, 2013 Mars by 2025, which is the average on... 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