texas wildlife exemption minimum acreage

However, ag and wildlife properties are taxed at the full tax rate of the land’s productivity value – the income that can expected to be generated on the land. So what’s the law say? Other eligibility requirements relate to minimum acreage, active use, primary use, and level of intensity. There is no minimum acreage requirement for tracts of land that have not changed in size since the prior tax year, but yes there is a minimum tract size for tracts of land that have changed in size (decreased) since the previous calendar year. It’s a great deal for property owners and wildlife, but maintaining a tract of land under wildlife management takes more than a desire to enroll. While this measure narrowly failed, the trend is evident. Texas landowners that apply for wildlife management appraisal must provide an open space land application and a wildlife management plan to the county appraisal district. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department Wildlife Division Private Lands and Habitat Program 4200 Smith School Road Austin, TX 78744. hunt@tpwd.texas.gov Non-resident landowner may not have the time to manage agriculture activities on the property. The State of Texas is not only a phenomenal State in which to buy real estate, it also is the only State in the U.S. that offers landowners a way to keep rural land taxes low by managing the land for a native or migratory species of wildlife. While ag and wildlife taxes are equal (you won’t be paying any more or less by switching to wildlife), many landowners realize significant savings by converting to wildlife because they no longer have to pay for feed, fencing, livestock, veterinary bills, and the numerous miscellaneous expenses associated with ag enterprises. It should be noted that wildlife plans for small properties have unique considerations with respect to wildlife species the plan targets as well as wildlife practices that are chosen. The primary use test does not impact most landowners. Please call 512-906-9491 to find out if these are appropriate for you. Click Here to Read About Our Plan Filing Services! If they are not, they can be submitted before appraisal rolls are certified, usually in late July. The tax implications of losing your wildlife exemption are massive (see above table). The American Farmland Trust reports that land with open space valuations (including ag and wildlife properties) generate tax revenues in excess of services provided to that open space land. Wildlife Management Valuation Minimum Acreage in the Tax Code. Requirements for a Wildlife Tax Valuation. Land qualified under a wildlife management exemption should be primarily used for wildlife. Click Here to Read About Our Plan Filing Services! Form 50-129 Instructions – Application for 1-d-1, Overseeding Pastures for Deer, Birds & Other Wildlife, wildlife management plan to the county appraisal district, Plan must outline objectives, qualifying practices, No minimum acreage requirement, unless tract reduced in size. This allowed Texas landowners the option of converting their current agricultural exemption to a wildlife exemption if certain conditions were met. The ONLY time tracts of land are subject to minimum acreage rules is when the tract was reduced in size the previous calendar year. To avoid the penalty and stay in the good graces of your appraisal district, we recommend that wildlife tax management plans be submitted timely. In the second scenario, each county appraisal district can set a minimum acreage requirement for wildlife exemption based on the guidelines established by the State of Texas. The Comptroller's Guidelines for Qualification of Agricultural Land in Wildlife Management Use (PDF) discuss the requirements that land must meet to qualify for wildlife management use to permit special agricultural appraisal, as provided by Tax Code Section 23.521, and are adopted by the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts under Comptroller Rules 9.2001-9.2005. Each year, we convert properties to wildlife management on smaller tracts of land for which the minimum acreage rules do not apply. If your tax appraisal district is telling you that they have a county-wide minimum acreage for wildlife practices, please call Landmark so that we can help you transition your property. If you are unsure whether or not your property meets the wildlife exemption requirements in your county, do not hesitate to contact us. Landowners often ask, “Is there a minimum acreage requirement for a wildlife tax valuation?” Correct answers include both “yes” and “no.” It depends. In 1995, Texas voters approved Proposition 11, which allowed for the agricultural appraisal for land used to manage wildlife. This involves creating an exceptional wildlife management plan and having the highest level of representation. In the second scenario, each county appraisal district can set a minimum acreage requirement for wildlife exemption based on the guidelines established by the State of Texas. In fact, the American Farmland Trust reports that Bexar County spends eighteen cents for every dollar collected through agriculture and wildlife properties. We offer a one-stop-shop for wildlife exemption plans and filing, wildlife exemption services and plan maintenance, deer management, and, Wildlife Watering Station – Water Guzzler. Here, we detail wildlife exemptions and how they might fit with your property goals. 9, Subch. One question that often arises during discussions about wildlife tax valuation – how fair are wildlife exemptions? For example, food plots for white-tailed deer would not be appropriate for wildlife management plans targeting bats. Ag and wildlife properties pay for themselves. This condition applies to exceedingly few properties. Tax rates can range anywhere from 1.2% to well over 2% of market value. More Than You Think (and Probably Want to Think About), Texas Doveweed: One-seed Croton, Texas Croton, and Woolly Croton. Landmark Wildlife Management will advise you during the site visit if any concerns are apparent. Read it here. Bottom Line on Wildlife Exemption Requirements, Wildlife Exemption: Wildlife Management Services, How to Apply for Wildlife Exemption Texas, Wildlife Management Plan for Tax Exemption. Of course, properties purchased that already have a wildlife exemption in place are also eligible. How to Get (and Not Get) a Texas Wildlife Exemption, What Do Deer Eat? In short, the minimum acreage size for a wildlife exemption varies by appraisal region and county, but the minimum acreage requirement only comes into play when a tract of land has been reduced in size. Instead of paying taxes on the market value of the land, landowners in ag or wildlife pay the full tax rate on the land’s productive capacity. Wildlife exemption plans and applications must be submitted by April 30th. The rule that relates to wildlife minimum acreage (wildlife use requirement) is Texas Administrative Code Rule 9.2005: The paragraph that outlines whether a minimum acreage applies is 9.2005(b), which states: However, some activities such as erosion control and supplemental water can count for up to ten years as long as annual maintenance is performed. Perhaps the most misunderstood rule with wildlife exemptions relates to minimum acreage. If an application is submitted after the April 30th deadline and before tax rolls are certified, a 10% penalty will be imposed. In contrast, Bexar County spends $1.15 in services for every dollar collected for residential development. Put simply, a wildlife exemption is an alternative form of agriculture (“ag”) exemption with the same favorable tax implications as an ag exemption. It is important to point out that tracts of land that are adjacent and under the same ownership qualify as a single tract of land for the purpose of a wildlife tax valuation. Without the special valuation, property taxes based on the market value of the land can be as high as $50-$200 per acre. Wildlife activities selected should benefit target species of the plan. A wildlife tax valuation, commonly referred to as a wildlife exemption, allows Texas property owners to maintain an agriculture tax rate on their rural property while managing for native plants and animals. There are ways for a property to transfer directly from market value to a wildlife tax exemption. To be safe, Landmark Wildlife recommends conducting at least four practices each year. Ag expenses are felt particularly hard on smaller tracts (less than 300 acres) because economies of scale cannot be reached. While you can certainly go through the process without professional representation, before you do so, be sure to read our case study to get a feel for the process. Wildlife exemption plans and applications cannot be submitted after tax rolls are certified. It does not matter if the tracts are separated by road or water for the purpose of a wildlife exemption. Washington County Wildlife Exemption: A Closer Look. Texas Parks & Wildlife Department has created rules defining the level of intensity required for each of the wildlife practices. There is no minimum acreage requirement for open-spaced agricultural appraisal based on wildlife management use unless the tract of land has been reduced in acreage since January 1 of the preceding tax year. The law is very clear. However, even when tracts are under common ownership the adjacent, combined tracts (are treated as a single tract and) are subjective to the minimum acreage requirement, if applicable. It makes sense to have the right company working on your behalf from the beginning. Typically, taxes on ag/wildlife acreage are $0.50-$2.00 per acre. If minimum acreage requirements apply, the required minimum acreage is selected by the chief appraiser, with the advice and consent of the Appraisal District Board of Directors, from a range of acreages derived by a formula based on the ecoregion of Texas in which the appraisal district is located… They are uncommon, but have been used successfully. Wildlife Management - Is it a Tax Avoidance Scheme or a Wildlife/Habitat Improvement Methodology? This post is designed to walk you through the requirements for raising bees for a tax break, minimum and maximum acreage and an estimate of money you could save. Many inquiries into Texas’ wildlife management appraisal are based on a lack of grass production caused by drought or overgrazing. In some cases, landowners depend on a neighbor or acquaintance to run livestock or cut hay on their property. Special valuations were not put in place as tax breaks. Texas is losing open space faster than any other state. Structures including homes and the footprint of homes continue to be valued at full market value. Wildlife Tax Valuation: Management Practices Texas, Wildlife Tax Exemption in Bastrop County: Managing Natives, Wildlife Tax Exemption Valuation Grimes County, Wildlife Exemption Blue Bird Box Management Plans, Wildlife Exemption in Colorado County: A Great Valuation, Wildlife Exemption: Supplemental Feeding in Texas, Wildlife Tax Exemption: A Management Plan for Erosion Control, Grayson County CAD Wildlife Tax Valuation Request, Wildlife Exemption Bexar County Appraisal District, Wildlife Exemption in Caldwell County, Texas. The wildlife tax valuation is not a true “exemption” but a special valuation approved through a constitutional amendment (Proposition 11, passed in 1995). Benefits of wildlife valuations includes increased wildlife habitat, healthier watersheds, increased plant and animal diversity, aquifer recharge, and water capture. A switch to wildlife allows these landowners to put the property’s tax status in their own hands. Texas Landowners Must Apply for Wildlife Exemption. Landmark Wildlife stays on top of all legislation with the potential to impact Texas’ agriculture and wildlife management community. Ready To Learn About Your Plan? Only properties that currently maintain an agriculture  (ag) tax valuation or timber lands valuation may convert to an appraisal based on wildlife management use. Landowners owning their own livestock understand the enormous time commitment involved. Ready to Learn About Your Plan? We will be happy to get an answer for you. The purpose of ag and wildlife exemptions is to conserve open space in Texas, including conservation values of those open spaces. Wildlife exemptions are ideal for landowners who have an active interest in wildlife, are no longer interested in livestock, hay, or timber production, would like to lower their cost of property ownership, or who have property goals not consistent with ag production. These include habitat control, erosion control, predator control, supplemental water, supplemental food, providing shelter, and census counts. Please note that most tracts with a residence will already have one acre removed from ag or wildlife for the footprint of the structure. In 2011, an election was held to make another form of open space valuation available to landowners – water stewardship valuation. The majority of landowners are neither familiar with the requirements for the tax valuation nor developing a wildlife management plan that outlines specific objectives that will be implemented to maintain a wildlife tax valuation or reach property-based goals, but we are here to help. Weren’t 1-d-1 valuations designed to help farmers and ranchers? After you’ve made the decision to transition to wildlife (and wildlife tax appraisal is not for everyone), the next step is seeking the help needed to ensure the application process goes smoothly. Wildlife Management: A Tax Exemption in Texas? In addition, you will need to complete an annual report each year that thoroughly documents the practices that you’ve conducted. Under the first scenario, where a property has not changed in size, there is absolutely no minimum size requirement for a tract of land. Beekeeping Ag Exemption in Texas. Residential, recreational, and commercial uses should not take a priority over management of wildlife. Rules were created for each ecological region, and all of Texas’ 254 counties were assigned one of these regions. Texas Wildlife Association reports that losses of agriculture land are 235 square miles per year. For example, landowners with a wildlife exemption wishing to incorporate brush control in their wildlife exemption plan should annually treat at least 10% of the area in need of brush management or 10 acres, whichever is smaller. Livestock don’t call 911 when accidents happen and wildlife do not utilize city sewage systems. G, Rule 9.2005). Other eligibility requirements relate to minimum acreage, active use, primary use, and level of intensity. To qualify for a wildlife tax exemption, landowners must be actively using the land to propagate a sustaining breeding, migrating, or wintering population of indigenous wildlife animals for human use. Landowners with a strong interest in wildlife often find the transition to wildlife allows them to devote their time and resources strictly for wildlife, improving wildlife populations and the health of their land. Perhaps the most misunderstood rule with wildlife exemptions relates to minimum acreage. Our legislators are looking to increase tools for landowners to preserve Texas’ open space. So what’s the law say? In Texas, to apply for property tax appraisal on lands maintained under an open spaced lands as authorized by Section 1-d-1 of the Texas Constitution, including appraisal of agricultural lands, timber lands, or land used for wildlife management, a property owner must file the proper documentation with the County Appraisal District on or before April 30 in the tax year that a wildlife exemption is desired. When Texas voters approved wildlife tax valuations in 1995 by overwhelmingly passing  Proposition 11, they made it exceedingly difficult to remove wildlife tax appraisals as form of open-space valuation. As an example, if land is used primarily for event parking the majority of the year, it would not be eligible for wildlife. Having a wildlife tax exemption means conducting practices in order to stay in compliance. The minimum acreage rule can be found in the Texas Administrative Code (TAC Title 34, Part 1, Ch. While any property with an ag or timber valuation is eligible for wildlife, some properties are ideally suited for wildlife. Is there a minimum acreage for wildlife properties? For the small percentage of tracts that are subject to this rule, minimum acreages are set according to region and the appraisal district’s board of directors. Properties with an existing ag or timber exemption are eligible to transfer into wildlife. For wildlife tax exemptions, this phrase means conducting at least three of seven wildlife management practices each year. Minimum Acreage Requirements for Wildlife Tax Exemption. The details can be found in the Texas Property Tax Code under chapter 23, Subchapter D, Sec. Texas needs open space protection tools such as wildlife tax valuations to help preserve the open nature of our state. For instance, landowners in Hays County are subject to rules set up for the Eastern Edwards Plateau. Ag and wildlife tax exemptions apply only to the land. The number of landowners who have property in wildlife appraisals increases each year, with some counties having over 500 tracts of land under this special approval. What do we mean? All Rights Reserved ©2014 Landmark Wildlife Management LLC | Site by: McCraw Design, Landmark Wildlife Management is a Texas-based wildlife management company dedicated to helping landowners reach their land and wildlife management goals. Some points to consider: Texas has one of the highest property tax rates in the country. Can Adjacent Tracts Qualify for a Wildlife Exemption? Please call 512-906-9491 to find out if these are appropriate for you. Wildlife Management: Tax Exemption in Madison County? Wildlife Exemption in Hill County: How to Qualify? For properties that have been reduced in acreage since the prior tax year, the minimum acreage requirement ranges from 12 to 50 acres, for the most part increasing in minimum size from east to west across Texas. See above table ) an election was held to make another form of open space in Texas, conservation! Acreage rules do not utilize city sewage systems table ) Bexar County spends $ 1.15 in Services every! Cut hay on their property of losing your wildlife exemption requirements in your County, do not to! If the tracts are separated by road or water for the purpose of a exemption! 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