what is mononucleosis

Mononucleosis (mono) is a viral infection that causes a sore throat and fever. It s contagious, but you re less likely to catch mono than other illnesses like the common cold. Its incubation period is four to eight weeks. Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is often called the kissing disease. "La mononucléose est un virus qui se loge principalement dans la gorge et dans le foie", rappelle le Dr Journe.La manifestation de la maladie commence donc souvent par … Ann Intern Med. About one in four people in this age group who get EBV come down with mono, but anyone can get it, no matter their age. Mononucleosis (mono) is a viral infection that causes a sore throat and fever. Symptômes de la mononucléose chez l’adulte. infectious mononucleosis an acute infectious disease that … People with mono experience extreme fatigue, fever and body aches. Epstein-Barr is a type of herpes virus. Antibiotics are of value only for the secondary bacterial infections (such as bacterial pneumonia) that occur in some cases. Ann Intern Med. Mono occurs most often in teens and young adults. It’s usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. Learn more about mononucleosis in this article. La mononucléose est une maladie infectieuse qui entraîne d’importants symptômes chez l’adulte mais qui peut passer totalement inaperçue chez l’enfant. There are a number of secondary infections and conditions that may arise in a person with mononucleosis. Mono is sometimes called "kissing disease" because it is spread through saliva and close contact. fever,; sore throat,; enlarged tonsils, and; swollen lymph nodes. Still, extreme fatigue, body aches and other symptoms can interfere with school, work and daily life. How is mononucleosis (mono) managed or treated? Lajo A, Borque C, Del Castillo F, et al. There is no specific therapy. The symptoms of a sore throat, swollen lymph glands, enlarged tonsils, and extreme … In about two-thirds of mononucleosis patients, the spleen is enlarged; death has occurred in rare cases from rupture of this organ. There isn’t a vaccine or cure for mono. When can you spread or contract mono? The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it's sometimes called "kissing disease." Around 90% of Americans are infected with it by age 35. T cells that react against these antigens then attack the B cells, and a temporary deficiency in the production of new antibodies lasts until the overt viral infection has been…, …major cause of acute infectious mononucleosis, a common syndrome characterized by fever, sore throat, extreme fatigue, and swollen lymph glands.…. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Diseases, Disorders, and More: A Medical Quiz. Other viruses and certain infections may also bring on the illness. The Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), formally called Human gammaherpesvirus 4, is one of the nine known human herpesvirus types in the herpes family, and is one of the most common viruses in humans.. Infectious mononucleosis definition is - an acute infectious disease associated with Epstein-Barr virus that is characterized especially by fever, sore throat, swelling of lymph nodes, fatigue, and lymphocytosis and occurs primarily in adolescents and young adults —abbreviation IM—called also kissing disease, mono. The disease is spread through saliva and can cause fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. A condition very similar to mononucleosis may be caused by the agents cytomegalovirus and Toxoplasma gondii. EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis, also called mono, and other illnesses. Pendant la période d’incubation qui peut durer de 1 à 2 mois, la personne ne ressent généralement pas de symptôme. Infectious mononucleosis (mono) is a condition usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) or, less commonly, cytomegalovirus (CMV). Glandular fever is a type of viral infection that mostly affects young adults. Most people recover in two to four weeks; however, feeling tired may last for months. Watch to learn what are the symptoms of mono? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In some cases the only signs of the disease are fever and generalized discomfort; in these cases the diagnosis is made by study of the blood. Glandular fever is a type of viral infection that mostly affects young adults. Common symptoms include fever, a sore throat and extreme tiredness (fatigue). Définition et Explications - La mononucléose infectieuse (MNI) est une infection généralement bénigne, provoquée par le virus d’Epstein-Barr (EBV), qui appartient à la même famille que les virus de l’herpès. For example, some persons are affected by a rash consisting of multiple small hemorrhages or resembling that of measles or scarlet fever. The classic symptoms of this illness tend to occur more frequently among teenagers, especially those 15 to 17 years old, and in adults in their 20s. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Cases often happen in teens and young adults. The virus spreads through saliva, which is why it's sometimes called "kissing disease." The disease occurs predominantly in persons from 10 to 35 years old, but it is known to appear at any age. The throat is often red, and there is usually a thick white coating, or membrane, on each tonsil. Infectious mononucleosis, or "mono", is an infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. It’s different than the herpes simplex virus (HSV) that causes genital and oral herpes. Mononucleosis is an illness that commonly affects teenagers and young adults, but can affect children as well. Mono is sometimes called “the kissing disease” because it spreads easily through bodily fluids like saliva. ; This infectious disease can be spread by saliva, and the incubation period for mono is four to eight weeks. Common symptoms include fever, a sore throat and extreme tiredness (fatigue). Symptoms may include fever, swollen lymph glands in the neck, armpits, and groin, constant fatigue, sore throat, enlarged spleen, and jaundice, a yellow discoloration of the skin. Mononucleosis (mono) is an infection caused by a virus. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It is also associated with various … Dans le cadre de sa démarche de qualité, Passeportsanté.net vous propose de découvrir l’opinion d’un professionnel de la santé. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). However, mononucleosis isn't as contagious as some infections, such as the common cold. They will especially check for swollen lymph nodes in your neck and signs of an enlarged spleen or liver. However, you can get it at any age. In some cases, it is caused by other viruses. Mono Symptoms. mononucleosis meaning: 1. an infectious disease that has an effect on particular glands and makes you feel weak and sick…. Symptoms can take between 4 to 6 weeks to appear and usually do not last beyond 4 months. It’s often spread through contact with infected saliva from the mouth. It is commonly called mononucleosis, or mono. The disease occurs predominantly in persons from 10 to 35 years old, but it is known to appear at any age. Typical symptoms of infectious mononucleosis usually appear four to six weeks after you get infected with EBV. fever,; sore throat,; enlarged tonsils, and; swollen lymph nodes. Infectious mononucleosis is an illness caused by a viral infection. cytomegalovirus mononucleosis a syndrome similar to infectious mononucleosis but caused by infection with cytomegalovirus. The infection is common among teenagers and young adults. Cases often happen in teens and young adults. Other viruses can also cause mononucleosis. The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) that causes mono is extremely common. Students need to let their schools know they are recovering from mononucleosis … Author W Horowitz. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, sore throat, and swollen lymph … Treatments can ease symptoms until the illness goes away on its own. American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). The incubation period is 30–50 days, and the onset is abrupt with a triad of sore throat, cervical lymphadenopathy and fever, often accompanied by malaise, headache, … Young children … People who get symptoms from EBV infection, usually teenagers or adults, g… And people with weakened immune systems may develop mono symptoms more than once. Surnommée "maladie du baiser" ou encore "maladie des amoureux", la mononucléose est une pathologie virale qui peut entraîner fièvre et fatigue, ou bien passer complètement inaperçue. Mono is spread through saliva. Mise en garde médicale modifier - modifier le code - voir Wikidata (aide) La mononucléose infectieuse (MNi) correspond à la primo-infection symptomatique , généralement bénigne, provoquée par le virus d'Epstein-Barr (EBV), qui appartient à la même famille que les virus de l’ herpès et de la varicelle . La mononucléose est une pathologie courante et généralement bénigne provoquée par le virus Epstein-Barr.La maladie est souvent désignée comme étant la "maladie du baiser" en raison de … Mononucleosis can last weeks, keeping you at home as you recover. Mononucleosis thus seems to occur only in those who escaped EBV infection in childhood. Symptoms of mono include. cytomegalovirus mononucleosis a syndrome similar to infectious mononucleosis but caused by infection with cytomegalovirus. Swollen tonsilsthat may or may not have white patches on them 6. A Pfeiffer-féle mirigyláz vagy csókbetegség (tudományos nevén Mononucleosis infectiosa) egy herpeszvírus okozta fertőző betegség, amely elsősorban serdülőket és fiatal felnőtteket érint.A fertőzés cseppfertőzéssel és közvetlen érintkezés, különösen csók vagy csoportos vízipipázás útján terjed. Corrections? People with infectious mononucleosis should avoid kissing others, regularly wash their hand and not share drink containers. Introduction. Viruses that cause mono are very contagious. People with infectious mononucleosis should avoid kissing others, regularly wash their hand and not … Mono is sometimes called “the kissing disease” because it spreads easily through bodily fluids like saliva. Mononucleosis, also known as \"mono,\" is an infectious disease that is usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (a herpes virus). It’s spread through saliva. The blood serum of individuals with mononucleosis contains an antibody (referred to as a sheep cell or heterophil agglutinin) that is characteristic of the disease, but antibodies against EBV itself are more-specific markers of the infection. Mononucleosis, formally infectious mononucleosis or glandular fever, infection in humans, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), whose most common symptoms are fever, general malaise, and sore throat. Infection of young children by the EBV usually causes little or no illness, although it does confer immunity against mononucleosis. infectious mononucleosis: Definition Infectious mononucleosis is a contagious illness caused by the Epstein-Barr virus that can affect the liver, lymph nodes, and oral cavity. Symptoms may develop slowly and may not all occur at the same time.These symptoms include: 1. extreme fatigue 2. fever 3. sore throat 4. head and body aches 5. swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits 6. swollen liver or spleen or both 7. rashEnlarged spleen and a swollen liver are less common symptoms. Mono is a viral infection that causes symptoms like fatigue, swollen glands, and a severe sore throat. It is best known as the cause of infectious mononucleosis ("mono" or "glandular fever"). Symptoms include fever, fatigue, sore throat, and swollen lymph glands. Infectious mononucleosis is characterized by swollen lymph glands, fever, sore throat, and extreme fatigue. Mononucleosis (mono) is a viral infection that causes a sore throat and fever. Learn more. ; Mononucleosis is most commonly caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and it is most frequently diagnosed in teenagers and young adults. It s contagious, but you re less likely to catch mono than other illnesses like the common cold. If EBV reactivates, it rarely causes symptoms. Mononucleosis, infection in humans, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, whose most common symptoms are fever, general malaise, and sore throat. Without a doubt, you'll need to take it easy for a while. Its incubation period is four to eight weeks. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. The virus that causes mono is transmitted through saliva, so you can get it through kissing, but you can also be exposed through a cough or sneeze, or by sharing a glass or food utensils with someone who has mono. There are often two peaks when people acquire EBV: early school age children and again around adolescence/young adulthood. You can pick them up through contact with an infected person’s bodily fluids, including saliva. Mono is spread through saliva. EBV was first isolated from tumour cells of children with a form of cancer called Burkitt lymphoma. Over 90% of mono cases are caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. Common symptoms include the following: Extreme tiredness or weakness; Fever; Headache and muscle aches; Sore throat or swollen tonsils; Tender, swollen lymph nodes on the sides and back of your neck; Night sweats ; … While mononucleosis is not usually a serious disease, its primary symptoms of fatigue and lack of energy can linger for several months. Signs and symptoms of mononucleosis may include: 1. Symptoms of EBV infection can include 1. fatigue 2. fever 3. inflamed throat 4. swollen lymph nodes in the neck 5. enlarged spleen 6. swollen liver 7. rashMany people become infected with EBV in childhood. Not everyone who has the virus develops mono symptoms — some people only carry the virus. Mononucleosis (or mono) causes symptoms similar to those of a severe cold or flu. What condition is caused by the deposition of salts of uric acid? ; Mononucleosis generally resolves without medical help, though it may last from weeks to … See more. Young children are often asymptomatic, whereas teenagers and people in their 20s are most likely to get mono. Mononucleosis, otherwise known as mono, glandular fever, or the “kissing disease,” is a common illness, especially among teens and college students. Symptoms of mono. However, you may unknowingly spread the reactivated virus to others. However, EBV is more likely to spread through other means like sharing drinks or kissing. A sore throat 4. The symptoms of mononucleosis vary in severity in different persons, but often they are mild. 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio 44195 |. Mono Symptoms - What is Mononucleosis? Fever ; Sore … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. He or she will look for signs such as swollen lymph nodes, tonsils, liver or spleen, and consider how these signs relate to the symptoms you describe. The infection can be spread by saliva. Author W Horowitz. Mononucleosis (mah-no-noo-klee-OH-sus), or infectious mononucleosis, usually is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Symptoms of EBV infection can include. Fatigue 2. In young adults, the disease often results in fever, sore throat, enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, and … These viruses spread through: The Epstein-Barr virus stays in your body in an inactive form even after mono symptoms go away. Mononucleosis is an illness that commonly affects teenagers and young adults, but can affect children as well. You're most likely to get mononucleosis with all the signs and symptoms if you're an adolescent or young adult. Mononucleosis (mono) is a contagious infection caused by a herpes virus called Epstein-Barr. The liver or spleen may also become swollen, and in less than one percent of cases splenic rupture Infectious mononucleosis occurs…, During infectious mononucleosis, for example, the Epstein-Barr virus infects B cells, causing them to express viral antigens. It causes swollen lymph glands, fever, sore throat, and often extreme fatigue. fatigue; fever; inflamed throat; swollen lymph nodes in the neck; enlarged spleen; swollen liver; rash; Many people become infected with EBV in childhood. Mononucleosis is not considered a serious illness, but its symptoms may be severe enough to prevent a person from engaging in normal activities for several weeks. Mononucleosis is a contagious illness usually spread through saliva. Illness usually lasts between one week and several weeks. It usually goes away on its own in a few weeks with the help of plenty of fluids and rest. Be patient with your body as it fights the infection. The disease incapacitates individuals for varying periods of time; some affected people are physically fit for normal activities within two or three weeks, while others remain ill for as long as two months. La mononucléose infectieuse est une cause fréquente de consultation médicale tant chez les enfants que les jeunes adultes. Most common symptoms what is mononucleosis fatigue and lack of energy can linger for several.! It by age 35 viruses and certain infections cause the illness goes away its! Cytomegalovirus and Toxoplasma gondii makes you feel weak and sick… an effect on particular glands and makes you tired! 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