Epistaxis – Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Nose bleeding is one of the most common occurrences that a person can experience especially as he has a habit of always trying to have physical contact with his nose.  This article will try to show you what the symptoms are and the major causes of nose bleeding or Epistaxis as well.  Aside from this, and we will also try to give you some idea as to what can cause this phenomenon.
However, before we proceed, let us first define what Epistaxis is and how it affect a person if ever he or she does encounter the condition.

Definition of Terms
The term Epistaxis is a Greek term for nose bleeding.  It comes from the term epistazo which means to bleed from the nose.  Scientifically, it is known as the hemorrhage from the nose.  If blood drains out from your nostrils by dripping out, then you are having a nose bleed.
Two Types of Nose Bleeding

  • Anterior
  • Posterior

Anterior Epistaxis is the most common condition that a person can encounter.  The latter is a more serious version of the condition.  It would usually require medical attention.
The good news is that Epistaxis is rarely fatal.  However, the worst thing that can happen is that the blood can come out from your eyes and flow down to your stomach.  It can also cause you to vomit and become nauseated.
Major Causes
Causes of Epistaxis have two main categories.  Here are those categories as follows:
Local Factors – this can be further subdivided into the following.

  • Physical trauma to the nose
  • Foreign Bodies
  • Inflammation of nasal passages

Systemic Factors

  • Anatomical deformities
  •  Nasal sprays
  • Otic Barotrauma
  • Intra-nasal tumors
  • Low air humidity
  • Surgery
  • Leech Infestation
  • Too much intake of whey supplements

Aside from these, there are some other factors that you can consider such as allergies, infection, drugs, hypertension, heart failure, liver disease and many others.  Lack of vitamins can also cause noze bleeding.
Possible Treatment Methods
Applying pressure to the rich of your nose is one of the many ways by which you can stop nose bleeding.  Just remember to apply firm pressure to the Kiesselbach’s area for at least 5 minutes to about 20 minutes for the bleeding to stop completely.
By doing this, you will also be able to prevent nausea and airway blockage.  In addition to this, the application of an ice pack can also prevent the spreading of the condition to other parts of the body mainly the stomach.
It is also very important for you to contact your Physician right away so that he or she can advise you on what medications you can take in order to stop epistaxis.  There are some nasal sprays available over the counter that can help treat the disease effectively.
What is important is that you are able to make contact with your doctor right away if ever you do experience any of these symptoms.  This way, you will be able to get the proper treatment without further complications in the future.
Shan is a freelance writer and also a blogger since 2009.His blog http://www.dailyfitnesstips4u.com/ talks about different health related topics. His last online achievements is related to cellulite topics.