Everything You Need To Know About Neurological Disorders

What are neurological disorders?

The disorders and disease which are related to the nervous system are the neurological disorders. These might be related to the central nervous system or peripheral nervous system i.e., brain, cranial nerves, spinal cord, nerve roots, neuromuscular junction, muscles and autonomic nervous system. Alzheimer’s, epilepsy, cerebrovascular disorders such as migraine, stroke, headaches, brain tumors, Neuro-infections, Parkinson’s disease and such traumatic conditions are few examples of neurological disorders. These may even cause due to the malnutrition and bacterial infections such as viral, HIV, malaria etc.

Types of neurological disorders

The nervous system is made up of nerves, brain and the Spinal cord. All three of them together control the functioning of the body. If anything ever goes wrong with any part of the nervous system, the patient can face trouble in speaking, breathing, swallowing, moving – basically performing the basic functions also will look like moving a mountain. Even memory, mood and senses also get troubled in case of neuro problems. There are over 600 neurological diseases. But the best neurosurgeon doctor in India classifies the major ones as:

  • Huntington’s disease
  • Spina Bifida
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Stroke
  • Epilepsy
  • Cancer and brain tumors
  • Meningitis

Causes of Neurological Disorder

If you feel that your near and dear ones are suffering from any of the issues mentioned above, you might as well be thinking of the cause of these neurological problems. The causes of this disorder could be diverse. The main thing here to consider is that the brain and the spinal cord, which are the two most important part of the nervous system, are highly vulnerable to injuries due to force and compression. Apart from these, nerves also are highly susceptible to damage. Even one single and a minute disturbance can lead to a major problem. Therefore, come to think of it, these neurological disorders can cause due to a number of reasons such as:

  • Infections
  • Genetics
  • Lifestyle related
  • Nutrition related
  • Injuries

Symptoms and Signs of Neurological Disorders?

The symptoms and signs of neurological disorders are different for each individual and it specifically depends on the kind of problem a person is undergoing. These might be emotional or physical in nature. The best neurosurgeon in India neurologist explains the various kinds of disorders as under:

Emotional symptoms include:

  • Depression
  • Delusions
  • Mood Swings
  • Sudden outbursts
  • Insomnia
  • Stress

Physical symptoms include:

  • Low energy
  • Weakness
  • Paralysis
  • Loss of sensation
  • Seizures
  • Poor Cognition
  • Pain

Effects of neurological problems

The neurological problems can result in short term and long term problems. If not treated on time, it can turn out to be serious and complicated. The effects of the neurological problems can differ from person to person depending on the severity and the kind of disorder. Therefore it is best to seek medical assistance if you feel that you or your near and dear ones are suffering from any of the issues mentioned above.

Treatments of neurological problems

The treatments of neurological disorders include, medications, surgeries, rehabilitation and physical therapies. The patients are advised to eat properly and rest as much as they can. After all, it is best to be healthy and fit.