Imagine never being able to vacuum your carpeting, never being able to sweep or mop your floor and never being able to dust your furniture. You would slowly find yourself living in an ecosphere of bacteria, dirt, and potential health hazards. This concept can be applied to pool filters; the pool filter acts as the vacuum, broom, mop, and duster. It removes the impurities from the water that you and your family swim in.
The mechanics of the pump are simplistic; it gathers water from the pool, cleans it, and releases it back into the pool after cycling it through the heat pump, if installed. Luckily, finding the proper filter for your pool is not quite as tedious as, say, finding the perfect wedding ring.
Keep in mind that the filter should correspond with the size of your pool and pump, as well as the performance level of your pump. If you are unsure of what filter best suits your pool you can always seek help from your local pool service company.
Ultimately, there are three main types of filters; the most basic one is the cartridge filter. This fabric-style filter is notorious for its easy clean mechanism, which involves opening the top of the filter, removing the cartridge, and soaking it in cartridge cleaner solution. Although some may recommend merely rinsing the filter, it is key to allow the potential oils to soak out of it, otherwise it may clog.
Next, there is the sand filter. The sand filter channels water through a pressurized vessel comprised of sand, as foreign particles up to 20-40 microns collect in the spaces the vessels rise up, this activates a “backwash’ signal. Once you set the filter to backwash the water flow reverses and takes the buildup with it. Take care in assuring that the grain of sand in your sand filter is the proper particle size, otherwise the granules of sand may seep out into your pool.
Lastly, there is the diatomaceous earth filter, which uses the mechanism of powdered sponges (also known as the skeletons of diatoms, which are ancient sub aquatic organisms) to snag particles that are barely even visible, ranging from 2-5 microns in size. The D.E filter is popular for requiring a very small amount of pump power, which ultimately keeps the electricity bill down and it has a vast amount of filtration area, meaning it does not have to be cleaned as often as other pumps. In addition, the D.E filter is sustainable because the filter media is replaced during each backwash. The majority of problems that occur with D.E filters are related to filter elements; however, these are not difficult to trace and are easily corrected.
Ultimately, finding the right filter for your pool has a lot to do with the size of the pool, the amount of filter maintenance you would like to, and of course how efficient of a filter you desire to have cleaning your water. So, be sure to take the time to choose the proper filter that is a bacteria, dirt, and debris stopper and if you’re unsure, speak with a pool professional.
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